Making the Case for Black Vestments


All Souls Day presents us once again with an opportunity to consider the use of black vestments within the Mass. While black is the required liturgical color for All Souls Day and all funerals in the Traditional Latin Mass, it has all but disappeared from the Novus Ordo. White, a color historically associated with baptism and other celebrations, has instead replaced black in most parishes these past forty years.

Beginning with the election of Pope Benedict XVI in 2005, and continuing with the resurgence of the Old Rite following the release of Summorum Pontificum in 2007, an entire generation of tradition friendly priests have begun to rediscover the rich meaning behind the use of black vestments. Father Ryan Erlenbush, writing several years back at The New Theological Movement , noted:

Black signifies mourning, but not simply mourning in general. Rather, black directs us in a particular way to mourn and pray for the dead. While white is a color of festivity and rejoicing, violet is the color which signifies penance and sorrow for sin.

However, violet directs us more to mourning for our own sins, and to performing penance for our own wretchedness. Black, on the other hand, helps to direct us to mourn not for ourselves but for the deceased. This is why black is so fitting for the funeral Mass (as well as Requiems and All Souls): The color reminds us to pray for the dead.

Put simply, the use of black vestments is authentically Catholic. The dogmatic truth that we, the Church Militant, must pray for the dead is reaffirmed by the use of black within the Mass. This is yet another example of our liturgy reinforcing our theology: lex orandi, lex credendi. It is also a teaching of the Church not held, or understood, by most Protestants. Father Erlenbush continues:

The funeral Mass is not really about the family – though there are certainly many prayers for the consolation of those who mourn. Rather, the funeral Mass is primarily for him who has died: Nearly every prayer is for the forgiveness of his sin (i.e. of the temporal punishment of sin). Funerals are not primarily for the living, they are for the dead – whatever anyone (even if he be a priest) may tell you! This is why it makes no sense – theologically – to wear either white or even purple for a funeral Mass or Requiem.

The feast of All Souls affords us the opportunity to contemplate our own mortality as we on earth pray for the Church Suffering. Black vestments remind the faithful that we must pray for the deceased. This spiritual work of mercy is not optional. Father Erlenbush addresses the confusion that can result from the use of white vestments for All Souls:

On All Saints’, the priest is directed to wear white vestments because the saints are already in heaven and enjoy the vision of God. They are perfectly happy and have no need of our prayers. All Souls’, however, is the Mass offered for the holy souls in purgatory – it is offered as a prayer in their behalf, for the remission of the temporal punishment they bear for their sins.

Now, if the priest wears white vestments on All Souls’ day, can he be the least bit surprised that his faithful have ceased to believe in the reality of purgatory? If the priest wears the color of festivity, rather than the color of prayerful mourning, who will ever believe that there are any souls who suffer purgation after death?

As the Traditional Latin Mass requires black vestments for All Souls Day, as well as funeral masses and Requiems, the reemergence of this liturgical color should only increase in the coming years. With many younger priests learning both forms of the Roman Rite, we will slowly begin to see white vestments give way to the traditional black in more and more parishes on All Souls. May this liturgical recovery assist in a greater understanding of Purgatory, and of our need to pray for the souls of the faithful departed.


Posted on November 1, 2015, in liturgy and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 22 Comments.

  1. Why not begin the Mass in Black and after the homily (?) change into white??

    • And will have happened to make that change?

    • That would seem to imply that preaching the homily has somehow canonized the deceased and now they have entered into the resurrection… I mean, the Sacrifice of the Mass has not even been offered for that person’s soul at that point…

  2. I completely agree on what the loss of the black does to our beliefs. If the priest dresses the same for All Saints Day and All Souls Day, and preaches definitively at funerals how our loved one is in a better place now (Really? How are you so sure?), how can the faithful help but believe that every one of us ends up in heaven two minutes after we die?

    The priest who wore black vestments this morning (Fr. Brian Hess)

  3. I don’t think I have ever seen white at a funeral Mass except for one Mass for two babies who died in utero. I think I would feel scandalized.

  4. According to St. Thomas (II-II:43:1) scandal is a word or action evil in itself, which occasions another’s spiritual ruin.

  5. I don’t think I’ve seen black vestments in use but I was born in 1961. My exposure has been literary: in Bruce Marshall’s novel, The World, the Flesh, and Father Smith. At the front during WW1, Fr. Smith reads about two-sided vestments for war use, black on one side for funeral Masses and gold on the other for everything else and rather expensive but very practical…

  6. Richard A. Wozniak

    I remember Requiem masses celebrated in black vestments and with the catafalque present almost every morning when I was in choir during grade school. I demand the same for my funeral. A few years ago, I provided and insisted that the priest wear black vestments for the funeral of both my mother and father. If not, the funeral director was told that there was to be no funeral Mass. As such, their funerals had to be held at an alternate local church. My family has been made very much aware of my wish that if I can’t have a traditional Requiem High Mass in Latin with black vestments and all the traditional chants, there is to be NO funeral Mass prior to my burial. I don’t want any novus ordo “hocus pocus” over my casket. I’ve rejected such nonsense all my life and don’t want to have anything to do with it when I’m gone. I can’t tolerate the drivel that qualifies as music for the novus ordo mass, and white is simply unacceptable at my funeral. My family and attorney, as well as local funeral directors have been made aware of my wishes and the mandate that if any of these instructions are not followed, services are to be terminated abruptly; and without the interference of clergy, a purely secular burial is to follow immediately. My will also makes these wishes clear.

  7. Interesting reading … I’m just missing the mention of Jesus.

    • Thank you for your comment. Our Lord is indeed present throughout the post. Any discussion of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, wherein the once for all sacrifice of Calvary is re-presented, is a discussion of Jesus Christ. Masses for the dead are offered so that those who have passed may be released from Purgatory and finally enjoy the beatific vision, spending eternity with Jesus. Carol, He is indeed mentioned in this article.

  8. Its all garbage……God must be so amused by the narrow minded and bigoted little people with so little to worry about with what is happening in the world and to mankind!

    • I can’t speak for God, but I know that I’m amused by your ridiculous comment. If you believe that Catholics (“little people”) recovering right worship of God constitutes having “so little to worry about”, you may want to stick around and read a few more blog posts. More reading, less commenting.

  9. The Ordinariate permits either black or violet for All Souls Day, but in the two Ordinariate parishes I have been a part of, I have only ever seen black for All Souls, funerals, Requiem Masses and Good Friday.

  10. When a love one dies, what pray should be prayed and for how long?

  11. Don’t turn off, I am an Anglican/Episcopalian; of what we call the Anglo-Catholic movement.
    We are a smallish Church in Adelaide, South Australia. We have a strong history of traditionalist worship…of the style…“if you want to see how to do the Roman Rite…then go to the Anglicans”
    We continue to say a Traditional Mass each Thursday (in English…in our English Missal style) with a Band of Brothers ( not exclusive but the Brothers are faithful…and sing well)
    On this issue I comment
    White is not only the colour of Baptism or “festivity”; it is also the colour of Resurrection. Seems like a good colour for Christians at the time of death!
    Personally I am happy to wear either white (particularly for believers); but also because I have two fine black chasubles…one (a “fiddle-back”) I inherited from an Australian Bush Brother (Anglican Catholics) and so is special to me; and also a Gothic style…made by Alder Hall… the wife of one our dear departed priests!
    God bless us all

    • It’s good to see one of my older posts. Personally I want to be vested in my 40+year old (white chasuble) in my coffin….but I have loved to wear the the two black chasubles referred to above. Alder’s chasuble is just exquisite, but the fiddle-back has a history!
      By and large I think that baptised believers should be celebrated in Gold/White….they are going to heaven. Think Purgatory is a ridiculous mediaeval construction, which doesn’t fly in 2021.

      • @ The good Father Stephan.
        There is nothing in scripture that backs up your argument that “by and large” baptized believers go to heaven. Quite the opposite. MT 7:13 and LK 13:24

        For centuries, there was no option to wear White at a funeral and for good as well as sound theological reasons. Most people still wear black at a funeral. Heck, stop 100 random people on the street and ask them which color they will wear/have worn to their relatives’ funerals! For priests to insist on wearing White at funerals has lead to more carelessness when it comes to the faithful preparing for their own deaths. It is a very recent and harmful idea that funerals are separated from the color of death. White is for High Feast Days and Baptisms. Black is an absence of color precisely because we are waiting to be judged. White is presumptive at a funeral, and therefore undermines our Requiem Mass theology.

  12. I am a very simple Catholic. Just the regular kind. Both my parents have passed and at each funeral mass the priest wore black vestments.I had never seen them before the death of my dad. I was so moved when I saw the priest in black. This is what I thought when I saw the priest wearing black….Death is terrible. I am feeling terrible. I am so sad to lose my dad. This hurts. I miss him. This is not what we as humans were created for. We have souls. Seeing the black validated my feelings. Also, for me, a regular Catholic, I was moved because I felt like the priest, by wearing black, was mourning my dad too. The entire church was mourning my dad. That made me feel so comforted. Don’t sugarcoat death. It is hard and it hurts. As an act of charity mourn with me. This was no “celebration of life” event. It was the truth…the cold hard fact of death. This is why we have a God that sent us His son….to defeat terrible death. It makes God greater. Tell the truth. Anyway, this is my experience as a simple Catholic.

  13. The last time I was involved in a mass for the dead , a family member we were asked to choose the colour of vestments to be worn by the Priest Purple or Black. and that seem ed to be the norm in Glasgow.

  14. Raised in the Novus Ordo I am/was ignorant of so much beauty and understanding of the Traditional liturgy. This article makes so much sense to me. Thank you.

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